Subproject 5 – Supranational Federalism

Supranational Federalism – The European Union (and …)

untitledHow will the European Union fit into federal categories? Here, de Tocqueville’s quest for a new word for an organism that lay between international and national law was answered by a neologism: supranationalism. Europe is still celebrated as sui generis. But the sui generis ‘theory’ has always been but a veneer. For in times of constitutional conflict, Europe’s old sovereignty tradition returns and imposes its two polarized ideal-types: Europe is either an international organization or a Federal State. And since it is not the latter, it must be the former. Yet more recently, European constitutionalism has come to accept the idea of divided or shared sovereignty – even if in the indirect form of the theory of “constitutional pluralism”. This subproject looks at the conceptual potential of analysing the European Union in federal terms, and thereby builds on previous work of mine. Yet it also involves important new aspects, such as the emergence of “fiscal federalism” in the Union after the sovereign debt crisis.


(researched by Prof. Robert Schütze, Dr Maria Anna Corvaglia, Dr Barbara Guastaferro, Dr Katarzyna Granat, Dr. Stella Ghervas )

Relevant Publications

Schütze, Robert: Direct Effects and Indirect Effects of European Law, in: R. Schütze & T. Tridimas, Oxford Principles of European Law – Volume I (Oxford University Press – in preparation)

Lachmayer, Konrad (with Zoltán Szente): The Principle of Effective Legal Protection in Administrative Law. A European Comparison (Routledge Publishing) 2016, 400 pages

Schütze, Robert (with Markus Gehring): Governance & Globalization: International and European Perspectives (Cambridge University Press – in preparation)

Guastaferro, Barbara, G. Martinico, O. Pollicino, Italy: in A. Albi (ed.), The Role of National Constitutions in European and Global Governance, T.M.C. Asser Press, 2015

Guastaferro, Barbara: Book review: National Constitutional Identity and European Integration, by Alejandro Saiz Arnaiz and Carina Alcoberro Llivina (eds), Cambridge: Intersentia, 2013, in European Law Review 40 (October 2015)

Schütze, Robert: “Constitutional Nature: A Federation of States”, in European Union Law (Cambridge University Press, 2015), 43-76

*Schütze, Robert: “Free Movement of Goods: Negative Integration”, in European Union Law (Cambridge University Press, 2015), 473-526

Schütze, Robert: EU Competences: Existence and Exercise, in: Anthony Arnull and Damian Chalmers (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of EU Law (Oxford University Press, 2015).

Guastaferro, Barbara: Article 4 of the Treaty of European Union, A Comment to Art. 4 TEU for  “Smit & Herzog on the Law of the European Union”, Matthew Bender – Lexis Nexis, 2014